Research paper on divorce effects on children
Moreover, the exact matching allowed a very high comparability to be reached between the infants whose parents were living together and those for whom they had separated. In terms of categorical variables, the infants in these two groups had exactly the same characteristics. Lastly, the use of quantile regressions allowed evidence to be obtained of a specific negative effect of parental separation for children with low GSAs. As the results were similar, it can be concluded that there was an absence of bias in regard to these variables S3 Fig.
The characteristics of the children who were excluded from the study population were not comparable to those who were included S1 Table. These infants were more likely to come from disrupted families with a lower socioeconomic level and who were living in rural areas, as compared to the included children.
This suggests that parental separation may be a cause for non-inclusion. Children who moved to another area after their parents separated may be the most affected, as moving to another school is generally a stressful situation[ 26 ] that may be associated with a decrease in scholastic performance. The exclusion of these children might therefore lead to an underestimation of the effect of separation. Moreover, some information related to the context of the separation were not available in this study and were thus not accounted for, such as the level of parental stress, the financial sequelae, a change in residence, or the parenting roles after separation.
These factors may have affected the children. Further research should thus be carried out while accounting for these factors in order to assess the causal pathway between parental separation and the cognitive performance of children. Parental separations that occurred when preterm children were between three and five years of age were associated with a decrease in the school performance when the children exhibited difficulties at school.
In light of our findings, specific support could be given to young children who were delivered preterm who exhibit scholastic difficulties and whose parents separated when they were of elementary school-age. The right part of the figure presents the differences in percentages or means with standard deviations between the two populations before matching.
The variations were quantified according to the quantiles of the GSA i. Browse Subject Areas? Click through the PLOS taxonomy to find articles in your field.
1. Diminished Learning Capacity
Introduction Parental separation has been associated with reduced cognitive development and educational performance[ 1 — 6 ]. Materials and methods Study population The study population comprised surviving preterm infants enrolled in the Loire Infant Follow-up Team LIFT , born at less than 35 weeks of gestation between January and December Parental separation Information regarding marital status was binary, i.
Adjustment variables Adjustment variables comprised perinatal characteristics, socioeconomic data, and urbanicity of the residential municipality. Statistical analyses Infants whose parents had separated and infants whose parents were living together were matched using an exact matching procedure. Download: PPT. Table 1. Characteristics of the overall selected and matched infants. Fig 2. Fig 3. Discussion Our results indicated that, for preterm infants that had an optimal neurodevelopment at two years, parental separation was associated with a decrease in school performance at five years of age that was independent of their socioeconomic background.
- Psychological and Emotional Aspects of Divorce?
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- The Psychological Effects of Divorce on Children?
Conclusions Parental separations that occurred when preterm children were between three and five years of age were associated with a decrease in the school performance when the children exhibited difficulties at school. Supporting information. S1 Table.
Divorce’s effect on children’s educational achievement is not a constant
Comparison of the characteristics of included and excluded children. S1 Fig. Global School Adaptation questionnaire. S2 Fig. Standardized mean differences, before and after matching, between children whose parents were still living together at five years of age and children whose parents had undergone a separation. S3 Fig. References 1. The relationship between childhood family background and educational performance, with special reference to single-parent families: a longitudinal study.
Soc Psychol Educ. View Article Google Scholar 2. J Soc Policy. View Article Google Scholar 3. Long term effects of early adversity on cognitive function. Arch Dis Child. Amato PR. Children of divorce in the s: an update of the Amato and Keith meta-analysis.
View Article Google Scholar 5. Amato PR, Keith B. Parental divorce and the well-being of children: a meta-analysis. Psychol Bull. J Sch Psychol. Kurtz L, Derevensky JL. The effects of divorce on percieved self-efficacy and behavioral control in elementary school children. J Divorce Remarriage. View Article Google Scholar 8.
How marital dissolution affects children: variations by age and sex.
Effects of Divorce on Children's Education [Marripedia]
Developmental Psychology. This is what makes my research a qualitative study since I have chosen to examine and interpret my observations through the research of many other examiners of this topic. I have done this for the purpose of discovering any underlying meanings and patterns that may exist concerning the effects of divorce on children.
Even though growing up in divorced families raises the risk certain kinds of psychological, emotional and physical problems, it by no means forces the child into a terrible life. This study obviously is mainly focused on children ranging in ages from younger school aged to older teenagers and college adults. Divorce obviously affects both males and females. The two genders have shown that they are affected differently in some cases, though they are for the most part similar.
Divorce has been shown to adversely affect academic performance, and personal characteristics as far as social skills and self-presentation, it erodes the parent-child relationship and takes away structure and replaces it with a consequence free environment. When you take a child, an adolescent none-the-less at the height of confusion and insecurity and remove boundaries such as parents, rules, and regulations, some sort of trouble is likely to result. It is true that children are our future, so maybe we should be taking this fact into more serious consideration when making the decision to divorce which will more than likely have some kind of negative effect on their future well-being.
Divorce is commonly the easy way out, rather than spending a little extra time working things out, couples selfishly opt to divorce. Usually, their reasons for divorce are nothing more than just not getting along with each other like they used to. Parents have, for some reason, become unwilling to put forth the extra necessary effort towards making their relationship successful. Webster, Pamela; Orbuch, Terri L. If you are the original author of this content and no longer wish to have it published on our website then please click on the link below to request removal:.
Introduction There have been numerous studies and piles of research done on this topic since the beginning of divorce and more so now due to its rising numbers in our society. Theoretical Discussion Proposal In researching my objective I do hope to find more precise descriptions on divorce than I presently have knowledge of. Literature Review When compared to children of never-divorced families, researchers have agreed that children and adolescents from divorced families show poorer adjustment in numerous aspects of life.
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Methodology: This investigation was done as a means of proving my hypothesis that I developed before setting out to find my resources. Demographic Population: This study obviously is mainly focused on children ranging in ages from younger school aged to older teenagers and college adults. Bibliography: Amato, Paul R.
Journal of Marriage and Family.